Wynd Valley

District PDF Print E-mail

BASIC INFORMATION


Area: 2132 km ²
Population (2001 census) : 780,619
Density of Population: 369 people/km²
No. of Taluks : 3 (Mananthavady, Sulthan Bathery, Vythiri)
No. of State Legislative Assembly Constituencies: 3 (North Wayanad, Sulthan Bathery and Kalpetta)
Lok Sabha Constituencies: North Wayanad Assembly Seat is in Kannur Lok Sabha Seat, the other two in Kozhikode.
District Headquarters: Kalpetta (Municipality, population: 29,602 in 2001 census)
Other Important Towns: Sulthan Bathery, Mananthavady.


TOPOGRAPHY


Wayanad lies between north latitude 110 27' and 150 58' and east 750 47' and 700 27'. It is bounded on the east by Nilgigris and Mysore districts of Tamilnadu and Karnataka respectively, on the north by Coorg district of Karnataka, on the south by Malappuram and on the west by Kozhikode and Kannur.


GEOGRAPHICAL DETAILS


Wayanad district stands on the southern top of the Deccan plateau and its chief glory is the majestic Western ghats with lofty ridges interspersed with dense forest, tangled jungles and deep valleys, the terrain is rugged.


HISTORY


In ancient times the land was ruled by the Vedar Rajas. Later Wayanad came under the rule of Pazhassi Raja of Kottayam Royal Dynasty. The modern history of the district is associated with the events that took place during the Mysorean invasion and the long spell of the British rule stretching over a period of about two centuries. There was fierce encounter between the British and Pazhassi Rajah. When the state of Kerala came into being in 1956, Wayanad was a part of Cannannore district; later in 1957 south Wayanad was added to Kozhikode district and north Wayanad remained with Cannannore district. By amalgamating the north Wayanad and south Wayanad, the present Wayanad district came into being on the 1st November 1980 comprising of three taluks; Vythiry, Mananthavady and Sulthan Bathery.


PEOPLE


One important characteristic feature of this district is the large adivasi population, consisting mainly of Paniyas, Kurumas, Adiyars, Kurichyas, Ooralis, Kadans,Kattunaikkans are the different aboriginal tribes of Wayanad. The Kurichyar is the most developed among them. They are small land owners, whereas the members of other tribes are mostly labourers. Wayanad district stands first in the case of adivasi population (about 36%) among other districts in the state.


Wayanad has a large settler population. There are people from almost all parts of Kerala who migrated to this fertile land for building up their lives. Wayanad has a small jain community consisting of Gowders who came from Karnataka. They have built beautiful temples all over the district. Almost all sections of Christianity are well represented. One fourth population of Wayanad is constituted by Christians. Muslims constitute another one fourth population and rest of the population belongs to Hindus. Their hard work and sacrifice helped them to prosper. On the other hand, the last few decades have seen the complete marginalisation of the indigeneous people.

Other information:

Municipality: 1 (Kalpetta)

Block Panchayaths: 3 (Kalpetta, Mananthavady, Sulthan Bathery)

General details

Location: Located between North Latitude 11°47' & 15°58' and East Longitude 75°47' & 70°27', district of Wayanad is on the southern tip on the Deccan plateau.

Altitude: 700-2100 mts above mean sea level.

Temperature: 13°c - 32°c

Main crops: Coffee, Pepper, Tea, Rubber, Cardamom, Vanilla. Click here to know more

Climate: Uniform pleasant climate throughout the year

Clothing: Light summer wear for most of the year. Between Dec & Feb, carry warm clothes.

Language: Malayalam is the local language. English and Hindi are widely spoken and understood. Kannada and Tamil are also understood towards border region.

STD codes:

Mananthavady :: ++91 (0)4935

Kalpetta & Other :: ++91 (0)4936

Where to stay: Please check 'Accommodation' link

Boundaries

East: Nilgiris, Mysore

North: Coorg, Kannur

South: Kozhikode, Malappuram

West: Kozhikode, Kannur.

Accessing Wayanad

Air: Nearest Airport: Kozhikode (Karipur)

Rail: Nearest Railway Station: Kozhikode [Rail distances from major cities to Kozhikode are-

New Delhi:2851 Km; Mumbai: 1425 Km; Kolkata: 2331 Km; Ahmedabad: 1875 Km; Hyderabad: 1425 Km

Road: Well connected by roads from Kozhikode (Ghat-72 Km from Kalpetta), Kannur (Ghat), Ooty (120 Km from Kalpetta) and Mysore (140 Km from Kalpetta). Please check the distance page.

Routes

Kanyakumari-Thiruvananthapuram-Kollam-Alappuzha-Kottayam-Ernakulam-Thrissur-Kozhikode-Lakkidi-Kalpetta

Kovai (Coimbatore)-Palakkad-Kozhikode-Lakkidi-Kalpetta

Mangalore-Kasargod-Kannur-Mananthavady-Kalpetta

Bangalore-Mysore-Sulthan Bathery-Kalpetta

Major towns Distance from nearest Railway station

Kalpetta (Municipality) 72 Km from Kozhikode

Mananthavady 80 Km (from Thalassery, Kannur); 106 Km from Kozhikode

Sulthan Bathery 97 Km from Kozhikode

No. of Villages: 49

District  Panchayat

The Wayanad District Panchayat office  functions  at the Civil  Station Kalpetta. There are three block  panchayats  and  25 Grama  panchayats.Their  details are given  below: 

Block  Panchayat Telephone   No : Grama  Panchayat Telephone No :

 

Mananthavady

04935-240298

1.Mananthavady 
2.Vellamunda  
3. Thirunelli    
4.Thondarnad
5. Edavaka  
6.Thavinjal  
7.Panamaram

04935-240253|
04935-230325
04936-250453 
04935-235235
04935-240366
04935-256236
04935-220772

Sulthan Bathery

04936-220202

8.Meenangdi 
9. Nenmeni 
10.Ambalavayal 
11.Poothadi
12.Sulthan Bathery 
13.Noolpuzha 
14.Mullankolli 
15.Pulpally

04936-247236
04936-220310
04936-260423 
04936-281522
04936-220240
04936-265635   
04936-240273       
04936-240221

Kalpetta

04936-202265

16.Kottathara 
17.Vengapally 
18.Vythiri  
19.Muttil  
20.Pozhuthana  
21.Thariyode  
22.Padinjarethara
23.Meppadi    
24. Kaniyampatta
25.Moopainad

04936-286644
04936-202481   
04936-255223  
04936-202418  
04936-255251  
04936-250435
04936-293419 
04936-282422
04936-286693
04936-287499

 

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+91- 9995205828

 

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